In the Indian Scripture it is said, where the whole world is like a nest. Rabindranath Tagore, while establishing “Viswa-Bharati” adopted this vedic phrase as the motto of this institution. The idea to set up an institution like “Viswa-Bharati” was that the people from different parts of the world would come there and exchange their knowledge and wisdom, their views and culture and by close association and cooperation enrich a feeling of universal brotherhood. In his poem “Bharat Tirtha” Rabindranath personified India as the ocean of Great Humanity,— from time immemorial, people from all over the world came here and mingled as one in that humanity.
Some people regard the term “culture” as purely a matter of intellectual and spiritual values, in the sense of philosophy, religion, literature, legal system, art, music and the like. But these are not the basic needs of human life. It is true that man does not live by bread alone, still we have not developed yet a human breed that can live without bread or atleast some from of food. Alas, not only in India but also in the whole world, crores of people are living even today below the poverty line, as Justice Krishna Iyer has mentioned it as below the hunger line. So the significance of the cultural cooperation should not be limited in defining culture as intellectual and spiritual values, which are beyond the mental reach of hungry human beings living in utter misery, almost in famine conditions. Culture, in its true sense, should be understood as the consciousness of fellow feeling and compassion for the people of the whole world and that is the noble intention of cooperation.
There are two mutually contradictory features in India: Diversity and Unity at the same time. The endless variety is incredible,—physical appearance of the people, their speech, costume, food habit, custom, religion, standard of living, geographical feature, climate, etc. all offer the greatest possible differences. Even more the cultural differences among the Indian people in the same province, district or city, are as wide as the physical differences between the various parts of the country. It will not be unreasonable to say that there is no Indian race as such. Yet inspite of this apparent diversity, there lies unity. This unity has grown out of some common faith, common culture, common historical background, and above all common political identity i.e. common Nationality. If the various races of the Indian population can think themselves as one nation, should it be very hard for them to believe that they are the one people of one world?
Democratic institutions and practices, it is held, can only delay the task of nation building by encouraging ail the diverse ethnic, religious and linguistic groups that make up total population of the country. Some political researchers opine that a democratic multi-party system will perpetuate and even accentuate the fragmentation of its population. But most experts on socio-economic progress and development, on the other hand, concede that the developing countries should adopt some form of Collectivism or “State Socialism”. According to them the State must be a strong State if it is to implement successful programme of development and to combat the aggression of the capitalist commercialism creating gulf of difference between the haves and the have-nots.
In the Preamble of the Constitution it has been pledged that India is a socialist country. India has maintained friendship and has extended cooperation to all countries of the world for peace, social justice and economic development. This feeling of universal brotherhood, in its true sense, should be the culture of all the civilized human society to avoid violence and mutual animosity.
From Where will the New India rise? Replies Vivekananda :
“Let her arise—out of the peasants’ cottage grasping the plough, out of the huts of fisherman, the cobbler and the sweeper. Let her spring from the grocers’ shop from besides the oven of the fritter seller. Let her emanate from the factory, from marts and from markets. Let her emerge from the groves and forests from hills and mountains.”